Wrote lyrics for "Tea for Two"

Browse Song Catalog: ASCAP

Irving Caesar


Wrote "Swanee," with George Gershwin

*Irving Caesar was also the 1994 recipient of The Johnny Mercer Award, the SHOF’s highest honor

Few are the songwriters to whom the overused term "legendary" applies. One of these, assuredly, is Irving Caesar. For a good part of his almost 99 years, Caesar has been writing great lyrics for many of America's most enduring popular songs and his list of collaborators represents a generous helping of the truly memorable names of show music--names like Rudolf Friml, George Gershwin, Vincent Youmans, Sigmund Romberg, Victor Herbert and Ray Henderson among them.

Interestingly, unlike many movie and show lyricists, who are hard put to give voice to their own tunes, Caesar, who characterizes himself as a singing lyric writer, has been regarded as particularly facile in performing as a song demonstrator, that is, one who performs a song being sold to a music publisher. In his more demonstrative days, was regarded as a singer/performer in the old vaudeville tradition and earlier on, he was praised for his singing talent by such illustrious greats as Al Jolson and Eddie Cantor, who actually helped Caesar become established in this chosen field by performing many of his songs.

Caesar was born in New York City on the fourth of July, 1895 the son of Morris and Sofia Selinger Caesar, in the Henry Street Settlement on New York's lower East Side of Manhattan. He attended schools in New York City and the College of the City of New York. In 1915, Caesar answered a newspaper ad and left college during his freshman year to take part in Henry Ford’s Peace Ship, or The Ford Peace Expedition, organized by Henry Ford, to "take the boys out of the trenches by Christmas" and halt the war in Europe.

Returning from Europe while the War continued, he became a regular in the Tin Pan Alley area of the city, where he met by chance another budding tunesmith, George Gershwin. The acquaintance resulted in the joint effort known as "Swanee," one of the earliest hits in what was to become a long and notable career.

Another working entente, this time with composer, Vincent Youmans, was born out of a sudden need for a couple of new tunes for the show, "No, No, Nanette," for which Youmans had written the score. Two immortal pieces, "Tea for Two" and "I Want to Be Happy" (acknowledged by Caesar as the embodiment of his personal philosophy: "...but I won't be happy until you're happy too!") were introduced after the show had an unremarkable debut in Detroit and were largely responsible for turning the show into a roaring success.

There were many other songs that rolled off Caesar's pen into immortality, including "Sometimes I'm Happy," "Just a Gigolo," "Crazy Rhythm," "If I Forget You," "Is It True What They Say about Dixie?".

In 1938, Caesar diverted from popular songwriting long enough to create his now famous children's series, "Sing a Song of Safety," a collection of children's songs which later led to "Sing a Song of Friendship" and "Songs of Health." Caesar made literally hundreds of appearances in school auditoriums and lecture halls across the nation in connection with the songs, which were utilized by schools throughout the country to teach children the basic principles of safety at home and in the streets.

Irving Caesar's "Sing a Song of Friendship" is a series of 19 songs designed to promote world unity and peace and was inspired by the creation of The United Nations. The subject matter runs the gamut from racial intolerance to making the world of tomorrow safe for everyone, starting today! Caesar also wrote a musical setting for "The Pledge of Allegiance," which was accepted by the Federal Government and made official by Congressional resolution. Additionally, he was on the Board of Directors at ASCAP from 1930 until 1946 and then again from 1949 until 1966. He was also a founder of the Songwriters Protective Association, now known as the Songwriters Guild of America.

Caesar became increasingly disaffected from the kind of music to which most Americans were listening in the 1960's. He complained that: "good lyrics and tunes are no longer wanted," and that "we have a form of musical juvenile delinquency abetted by adult delinquency." A lifelong resident of New York City, Caesar died at the age of 101 on December 18, 1996.

Honored with SHOF’s highest accolade, the Johnny Mercer Award, in 1990